Jesus Christ our Savior
For 1500 years, the Israelites were under the Law.
They were periodically under foreign rule because they failed to keep the Law.
The true fulfillment of the covenant of Israel was not about the land but it was about salvation through the Messiah – Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
God promised to send Christ to save believers from Israel and all nations to fulfill the covenant of Abraham. God’s kingdom was not about the land of Israel but about a heavenly kingdom through faith in His Son Jesus Christ.
This is God’s plan of salvation to save the world from the sin and death of Adam.
God chose a virgin named Mary to miraculously give birth to His Son Jesus, the Savior of the world (Luke 1:30-55).
The Holy Spirit of God miraculously conceived Jesus Christ in the virgin womb of Mary.
Jesus was the promised descendant of Abraham who would bless all nations.
Christ was born under the old covenant to redeem man from the curse of the Law.
Galatians 4:4-5 “But when the fullness of the time came, God sent out his Son, born to a woman, born under the law, that he might redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as children.”
He offers salvation to all the nations:
Matthew 1:21 “She shall give birth to a son. You shall name him Jesus, for it is he who shall save his people from their sins.”
Luke 2:30-32 “for my eyes have seen your salvation, which you have prepared before the face of all peoples; a light for revelation to the nations, and the glory of your people Israel.”
John the Baptist came preaching repentance to Israel because they had failed to keep the Law. He also prepared them to receive the Lord Jesus Christ (Matthew 3:1-12).
John the Baptist’s ministry reduced after Christ came:
John 1:29, 3:30 “The next day, he saw Jesus coming to him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! … He must increase, but I must decrease.””
After Christ was baptized by John, God anointed Jesus with the Holy Spirit and power. Jesus preached the kingdom of God with signs and wonders (Matthew 4:17-24)
He preached the kingdom of God to the nation of Israel.
Many Israelites were trusting superficially in the Law.
This is why Christ had to show them the full extent of the Law in the Sermon on the Mount. He commanded them to be morally perfect as God to enter the kingdom (Matthew 5:1-48). If they trusted in the Law for salvation, then they had to not only avoid adultery but they also had to avoid lust and cut off the eye & hand that sinned to avoid going to hell. They had to not just avoid murder, but they also had to avoid anger otherwise they would be judged. They could not just love their neighbor but they had to love their enemies to become God’s children. They had to forgive others to be forgiven by God to satisfy the Law’s demands before the cross. The Law commanded them to love God and neighbor, but Jesus showed them that the only way to obey this was to sell everything and give to the poor. This is how Christ showed them that they could not be saved by keeping the Law. The only way of salvation is by faith in Christ.
The old covenant of Law was transitioning to the Kingdom of God through
the New covenant of Grace that was going to be revealed on the cross.
Jesus Christ chose twelve disciples from fishermen, tax-collectors and lowly backgrounds. He sent them to Israel preaching the gospel with healing and miracles. After 3 ½ years of His ministry, Christ was betrayed by one of His disciples.
Jesus did not sin but He was crucified by the Jews with the help of the Romans.
1st Peter 2:21-23 “For you were called to this, because Christ also suffered for us, leaving you an example, that you should follow his steps, who didn’t sin, “neither was deceit found in his mouth.” When he was cursed, he didn’t curse back. When he suffered, he didn’t threaten, but committed himself to him who judges righteously.”
1st John 3:5 “You know that he was revealed to take away our sins, and no sin is in him”
Jesus Christ’s death, burial and resurrection
Jesus never sinned but loved the people by forgiving them, doing miracles like healing, resurrections, multiplying food, calming storms, casting out demons for 3 ½ years in Israel. But they crucified Him because they did not believe that He is the Son of God.
And yet Jesus did not curse them but He forgave them on the cross.
Luke 23:32-47 “There were also others, two criminals, led with him to be put to death. When they came to the place that is called “The Skull”, they crucified him there with the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left. Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they don’t know what they are doing.” Dividing his garments among them, they cast lots. The people stood watching. The rulers with them also scoffed at him, saying, “He saved others. Let him save himself, if this is the Christ of God, his chosen one!” The soldiers also mocked him, coming to him and offering him vinegar, and saying, “If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!” An inscription was also written over him in letters of Greek, Latin, and Hebrew: “THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.” One of the criminals who was hanged insulted him, saying, “If you are the Christ, save yourself and us!” But the other answered, and rebuking him said, “Don’t you even fear God, seeing you are under the same condemnation? And we indeed justly, for we receive the due reward for our deeds, but this man has done nothing wrong.” He said to Jesus, “Lord, remember me when you come into your Kingdom.” Jesus said to him, “Assuredly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise.” It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour. The sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was torn in two. Jesus, crying with a loud voice, said, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” Having said this, he breathed his last. When the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, “Certainly this was a righteous man.”
Jesus did not sin but He was crucified with two criminals, one of whom was forgiven simply by believing in Him. The veil of the Temple in Jerusalem tore when Jesus died, signifying that God had fulfilled the old covenant of Israel by the death of Jesus Christ. God made a New Covenant on the Cross where everyone who believes in Jesus will be forgiven of all sins, both Jew and Gentile.
The Gentile (Roman) centurion saw Christ’s Godly nature and proclaimed that He was a Righteous man and truly the Son of God.
Mark 15:37-39 “Jesus cried out with a loud voice, and gave up the spirit. The veil of the temple was torn in two from the top to the bottom. When the centurion, who stood by opposite him, saw that he cried out like this and breathed his last, he said, “Truly this man was the Son of God!”
The Centurion was correct in that Jesus is a righteous man because nobody else was righteous under the Law. All people have sinned and fallen short of the glorious righteousness of God. Jesus is the righteousness of God because He is the Son of God, being one with God Himself.
Jesus could have avoided death on the cross and called upon the angels to save Him.
But He suffered and died so that He could save all who believe in Him:
Matthew 27:42 “He saved others, but he can’t save himself. If he is the King of Israel, let him come down from the cross now, and we will believe in him.”
Jesus has all the power to raise the dead and walk on water.
Therefore, He could have avoided the cross if He wanted. But He willingly suffered and died on the cross so that He could take away our sins when we believe in Him.
Christ died on the cross and was buried. On the third day, He rose from the dead.
John 20:18-22 “Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had said these things to her. When therefore it was evening on that day, the first day of the week, and when the doors were locked where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the middle, and said to them, “Peace be to you.” When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. The disciples therefore were glad when they saw the Lord. Jesus therefore said to them again, “Peace be to you. As the Father has sent me, even so I send you.” When he had said this, he breathed on them, and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit!”
At His resurrection, He declared peace because our sins are forgiven for all who believe in Him. The resurrection of Jesus Christ is clear evidence that He is the Son of God.
Romans 1:3-4 “concerning his Son, who was born of the offspring of David according to the flesh, who was declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord”
Many days after Jesus rose from the dead, He ascended to heaven and promised to return to save all believers and judge the world (Acts 1:9-11).
The Gospel is preached to all nations that Jesus Christ is the Son of God who died for the sins of the world. He was buried and rose from the dead on the third day.
1st Corinthians 15:1-4 “Now I declare to you, brothers, the Good News which I preached to you, which also you received, in which you also stand, by which also you are saved, if you hold firmly the word which I preached to you—unless you believed in vain. For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures,”
John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life.”
Acts 16:31 “They said, “Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and you will be saved, you and your household.”